Bill Howe        





Multicultural Educators to China 2005
Multicultural Education Professional Delegation to South Africa

Delegation Leader: Dr. William Howe
Past President, National Association for Multicultural Education

Program Dates: October 23 - November 1, 2006
A delegation of professionals specializing in multicultural education has been selected
to participate in bilateral exchanges with their professional counterparts in South Africa,
under the auspices of People to People Ambassador Programs.

The Delegates to South Africa 2006
Bill Howe
Delegation Leader
CT State Dept. of Education
Past-President of NAME
Lisa Berman
Oberlin College

Portland ME
Jioanna Carjuzaa
Montana State University
Bozeman, MT 
Past-President, Oregon NAME

Marjorie Edmonds-Lloyd  Howard University
Brookeville MD

Charles Hamilton
Columbia University (retired)
White Plains NY
Larry Kugler
Kugler Communications
Springfield  VA
Eileen Kugler
Embrace Diverse Schools
Springfield VA
2003 Philip C. Chinn Multicultural Book Award (NAME)
Lovie Lilly  
South Orange-Maplewood School District
East Orange NJ
Edward Linehan
New Haven Public Schools
New Haven CT
2006 Connecticut P-12 Multicultural Educator
of the Year
Rene Stewart O'Neal
 Michigan State University
Okemos MI
Mildred Rice Jordan
Rider University
 Lawrenceville NJ
Mariama Shaheed-Carson
Pike Township
 Indianapolis IN
Milken National Educator
Award, 2004
Jackie Vaughan
New York City PS (retired)
Sag Harbor NY

Follow our journey through our photos and journals that will be loaded in sections over the next few weeks. Check back regularly for updates.


Final Journal of our Trip

Conference Presentation: 17th Annual International Conference
October 31st – November 4th, 2007
Hyatt Regency Baltimore, MD

Parallels and Contrasts between South Africa and the United States: Charting the Course to Academic Excellence and Equity  ... PowerPoint Handout [large file, may take some time to load]


 Refilwe Mathe
our Guide in Johannesburg and Kruger National Park.
Refilwe was able to give us some personal insights into life under apartheid. She and Elvis, our driver introduced us to great South African folk and gospel music. I am a Miriam Makeba fan now.

Elvis Nengwani
Our driver turned out to be a great singer and part of a choir.

Wednesday Oct 25, 2006

1. Meeting with National Dept of Education Race and Values Unit

2. Tour of Soweto

3. Tour of Hector Petersen Museum - read article

4. Soweto Homes - including Desmond Tutu, Nelson Mandela, Winnie Mandela

Thursday Oct 26, 2006

5. Musi High School

6. Pretoria and University of South Africa

7. Tour of Pretoria - The jacaranda trees were in bloom and absolutely gorgeous with their violet blossoms.

8. South African Supper at Gramadoelas Restaurant - Restaurant Website

Friday Oct 27, 2006

9. Road Trip to Mpumalanga (Kruger)

10. Enroute to Kruger - lunch at Malaga Inn

11. Mpumalanga

Saturday Oct 28, 2006

12. Safari in Kruger

The 'Big Five' animals of Africa are elephant, rhino, leopard, lion and buffalo. They are so called not because of their size, but because they are the most dangerous of all animals to hunt. If a hunter were to just injure one of these animals instead of kill it, he would then become the hunted. Each one of these animals has a reputation for pursuing its attacker with intent to kill. Perhaps the most persistent is the buffalo, who will ceaselessly pursue his aggressor. (from Kenya Safaris)

13. Safari in Kruger - We split into two jeeps. Our driver reminded Charles and me of Sir Alec Guinness, the British actor in the Bridge on the River Kwai, both in his dress and his speech. Our group saw all of the Big Five. I can now brag that I saw the Big Five, rode one of them, petted two and ate one.

14. Boma Supper

Sunday Oct 29, 2006

15. Departing Kruger

Monday Oct 30, 2006

Linda van Doesburgh our guide in cape Town.

> From Linda we learned that in South Africa "traffic lights" are called Robots."
"Running shoes are called "tekkies" (not sure of spelling). In the hotels the elevators are called "lifts." People drive on the left side of the road. We were cautioned to look to our right when crossing the street.


16. Capetown - Western Cape Education Dept.

17. LEAP Science & Maths High School - see the school website

18- Tour of Cape

19- Penguin Colony

20- Supper with Gaskin Family

Tuesday Oct 31, 2006

21- Observatory Jr School- see the school website

22- Langa High School - see the school website

23- Robben Island - Robben Island Museum- It was appropriately a cold day to visit the island where political prisoners were held under aparthied. I asked Mariama to pose for me in Nelson Mandela's cell. You can notice that instead of the beautiful smile she usually flashes, she looks very solemn and respectful. I also have several shots of Ed posing behind prison cell bars, which his New Haven School Superintendent and his buddies should find reassuring.

Wednesday Nov. 1, 2006

24- Zimbabwe

Thursday Nov. 2, 2006

25- Victoria Falls Walk

26- African Village

27- Safari Lodge & Cruise down Zambezi River - I have several pictures of Lovie looking very much like a Queen as we slowly cruised the mighty Zambezi River. There are pictures of hippos with mouths wide open, a family fishing on the shore, and a great sunset. Lovie and I noted our new found appreciation of "trees standing by the water."


We shall not, we shall not be moved
We shall not, we shall not be moved
Just like a tree that's standing by the water
We shall not be moved

28- Last Supper Boma Restaurant - Jackie and Bill were brave enough to eat a Mopani Worm after the meal. The mopane worm is a large edible caterpillar that forms the basis of a multi-Million Rand trade in the Limpopo Province, Mpumalanga, Botswana and Zimbabwe. Jackie asked for seconds. They both received a certificate from the Restaurant Manager to attest to the fact. Mom would be so proud.

Friday Nov. 3, 2006

29 - Lion Walk Zimbabwe - You have to see these amazing pictures of Rene, Lisa and me walking with lions. Rene was a little nervous at first, but was soon petting the lions. Manuel, our guide, warned us in the beginning about not screaming or trying to run away from the lions. It was then that I started referring to Lisa as "Bite-size" and "Snack Pack."

30 - Elephant Ride in Zimbabwe

               Photos  (from another one of my sources)

The Big Five -
Originally used only by hunters, the term 'Big Five' refers to five of Africa's greatest wild animals - lion, leopard, elephant, buffalo and rhino. As during the bygone hunting era the term "Big Five" still conjure up the romance and excitement of Africa's exotic destinations and experiences.

Imagine watching the sun set over the horizon whilst you capture the moment of a tribe of lions stalking their prey. Watching a buffalo strolling to a water hole with strength and size that makes it more likely to kill a human than any other mammal. The rhino, which is almost extinct, with its extraordinary horns and bad temper. And the leopard with its beauty and remarkable speed and skill to hunt.

Many travelers regard a visit to South Africa as incomplete without having spotted, and perhaps photographed, the Big Five. The Big Five - legends of the wilderness which have become synonymous with Africa.


SOUTH AFRICA  - MAP of South Africa

With a dynamic fusion of African, European and Asian influences, South Africa is a place of vibrant cultural diversity. Home to an enormous variety of birds and other animals, South Africa is the best place in the world to watch big game. Since the early 1990s, the nation has emerged from years of oppression and apartheid as a stable modern democracy under the inspirational leadership of the world’s most respected political figure, Nelson Mandela.

Suggested Reading (list courtesy of Dr. Claus Reschke


"Cry the Beloved Country" by Alan Paton, Scribner Paperback/Simon and Schuster, 1948/1995, available in paperback, ca. $12.-- 
"Long Walk to Freedom" by Nelson Mandela, Little, Brown and Company, 1995, available in paperback, ca. $15.--.

 other suggestions: 

"Africa", 3rd. ed., edited by Phyllis M. Martin and Patrick O'Meara, Indiana University Press, 1995, paperback, ca. $16. 
"Tomorrow is Another Country" by Allister Sparks, University of Chicago Press, 1995, paperback, ca. $14.-- 
"The Boer War" by Thomas Pakenham, Avon Books, New York, 1979, paperback, $20.--. 
"My Traitor's Heart" by Rian Malan, Vintage Books, New York, 1990, paperback, $15.--
"Insight Guide: South Africa", Discovery Channel/Langenscheidt, 1999, paperback, ca. $23.--
"South Africa, Lesotho & Swaziland", Lonely Planet, 4th edition, 2000, paperback, ca. $22.--
 "Letters from Robben Island: A Selection of Ahmed Kathrada's Prison Correspondence, 1964-1989", edited by Robert D. Vassen, 2000, Zebra Press, Rivonia, South Africa, paperback, ca. $15.--.

Preparing for the Trip

Proposed Itinerary

What time is it? South Africa is seven hours ahead during Standard Time

Day 1 - Monday, October 23: New York to Johannesburg - leaves 5:55 PM EST
The delegation will gather at New York’s JFK Airport for departure to Johannesburg, South Africa.
South African Airways flight #204 is scheduled to depart at 5:55 p.m. Plan on arriving at least 3-4 hours prior to departure for check-in and security procedures. Read about regulations regarding hand luggage.
Flight #   Airline Depart/Arrive  - What time is it? Date/Time
0204 S. African Airways
Depart: New York/Kennedy
Arrive: Dakar/Senegal
10/23/2006 5:55:00 PM
10/24/2006 5:45:00 AM
0204 S. African Airways
Depart: Dakar/Senegal
Arrive: Johannesburg/S. Africa
10/24/2006 6:45:00 AM
10/24/2006 5:05:00 PM   11:05 AM EST
Day 2 - Tuesday, October 24: Johannesburg - arrive 5:05 PM South Africa Time 

Scheduled arrival in Johannesburg is at 5:55 p.m. local time (
11:05 am EST Tuesday) - 17 hours after leaving NYC.
A People to People representative and local guide will meet the delegation after exiting the customs and passport control area. Delegates will have the opportunity to complete foreign currency exchange at the airport, as time will be limited to do so elsewhere in the first few days. We will be transferred to the hotel for our stay in the Johannesburg area. Relax prior to dinner, which will be provided at the hotel this evening.

The hotel in Johannesburg is:

Southern Sun Grayston
Cnr. Rivonia Road & Grayston Srive
Johannesburg, 2146
Tel:  011-27-11-783-5262

National Guide for Johannesburg and Kruger National Park
Ms. Refilwe Mathe - Mobile Tel: 011 +27(0) 84 771 2501

South Africa’s wealth is based primarily in the Golden Reef that makes up the Witwatersrand (Ridge of White Waters), of which Johannesburg is the center. The city’s history dates back to 1886 when Australian prospector George Harrison discovered gold. Now the country’s commercial capital, Johannesburg continues to grow.
Day 3 - Wednesday, October 25: Johannesburg

This morning, join the local representative of People to People Ambassador Programs in a private meeting room at the hotel for an orientation and cultural briefing on South Africa. The exact briefing venue will be announced upon arrival. Estimated time is from 8:00 -11:00 a.m.

Discuss the political and cultural diversity of South Africa and receive further information on the delegation.

Following the briefing, the professional delegates will receive an overview on the status of Multicultural Education in South Africa from a representative of the National Department of Education: Quality Promotion & Development.

The Quality Promotion and Development Branch of the National Department of Education is responsible for providing strategic direction in the development and implementation of relevant policies for gender equity as well as values in education 

This will be achieved through the promotion of race and gender equity; the promotion of school enrichment programs and school effectiveness. The Quality Promotion and Development Branch is also responsible for social issues management.

Professional program focusing on:

  • K-12 and University Educational Policies and Funding
  • Advancements in teacher education in the post-apartheid era

Lunch will be provided.

Following lunch the professional delegates will visit Soweto, a peri-urban city where stark contrasts preside from the palatial homes of millionaires to the shack next door inhabited by the destitute. You will see landmarks such as the Chris Hani Baragwaneth Hospital, the largest hospital in the Southern Hemisphere; the Hector Peterson Memorial; Winnie Mandela’s home; Bishop Tutu’s house; and the former home of Nelson Mandela.

Guest Program: 

Following the delegation briefing guests will be met in the lobby by the local guide. On your way to Pretoria stop off at the largest wholesale curio shop in Johannesburg for an opportunity to purchase various items at wholesale prices. From there, continue on to Pretoria and stop at the Voortrekker Monument where the guide will discuss the history of the Great Trek.  While at the monument, enjoy the beautiful panoramic view of Pretoria.

After lunch, visit the Paul Kruger House Museum. Personal stories about Paul Kruger will be discussed this afternoon: from humor to hardship.  Next on the sightseeing list is the Church Square, with its many historical buildings. The city exploration finishes at the Union Buildings for yet another panoramic view of Pretoria.

Dinner this evening is by individual arrangement (own expense).


Day 4 - Thursday, October 26: Johannesburg

This morning the delegation will visit a local high school.

Professional program focusing on:

  • What is the curriculum in secondary schools?

  • How does the education system address social justice issues?

  • How are students prepared to live and work in a diverse world?

  • Multicultural and global education K-12

After lunch, professional delegates will meet with representatives at the University of South Africa (UNISA), Department of Education. The School of Education is comprised of four departments namely, Primary School Teacher Education, Secondary School Teacher Education, Further Teacher Education and Educational Studies.

There are also two institutes and two centers attached to the School. These are: The Institute for Educational Research (IER) (including an Education Policy Unit), Institute for Adult Basic Education and Training (ABET), the Centre for Community Training and Development and the Centre for Peace Education.

The School offers many courses to suit individual needs for initial and upgrading of teacher training by means of the BEd (Foundation Phase and Early Childhood Development - ECD), BEd (Intermediate and Senior Phase Education), BEd (Senior Phase and Further Education and Training) degrees, to post-graduate studies with the BEd (General and various fields of specialization), MEd (Research and Course work) and DEd degrees as well as Advanced    Certificates in Education and several post-graduate diplomas. Various certificate programs are oiffered by the Centers for Community Training and Development and Peace Education, and the Institute for Afult Basic Education and Training.

Professional program focusing on:

  • How does South Africa train and certify teachers?

  • What is the curriculum in teacher preparation colleges and programs?

  • What are the South African methods of instruction in elementary and secondary schools?

  • The role that 11 official languages of South Africa play in the education system.

Guest program:

Embark on an exploration of the darkest years in South African history at the Apartheid Museum.

Delegates and guests can experience Soweto, a peri-urban city of stark contrasts. The palatial homes of millionaires stand next door to shacks inhabited by the destitute. Walk through the shanties, meet the inhabitants and visit their homes. You can also visit landmarks such as the Chris Hani Baragwaneth Hospital, the largest hospital in the Southern Hemisphere; the Hector Peterson Memorial; Winnie Mandela’s home; Bishop Tutu’s house; and the former home of Nelson Mandela.

In the afternoon visit the Othandweni Family Care Centre. The Centre is an under-resourced government-run orphanage that provides care for approximately 80 children (mostly under the age of 18) and up to 30 babies.


Day 5 - Friday, October 27: Kruger National Park
Delegates and guests will travel to Kruger National Park, one of the world’s largest controlled nature reserves that encompasses nearly 12,000 square miles of wildlife safari country and supports more than 800 species of animals living in their natural habitats. Depart the hotel after breakfast. Drive out of the urban and commercial heartland of South Africa and head for the bushveld. Lunch will be served en route. Arrive at the hotel late this afternoon. After arrival we get a free night.

Kruger National Park hotel:

Southern Sun Malelane Resort
Kruger Gate
Kruger National Park
Tel:  011-27-13-790-3304
Fax: 011-27-13-790-3303

Day 6 - Saturday, October 28: Kruger National Park
The animals are up at dawn and so is the delegation! We will spend the day in Kruger National Park spotting game in their natural habitat.The planned excursion this morning is in open game spotting vehicles.The delegation will make one stop during this amazing journey at a local camp. This afternoon we drive through the park in the delegation’s air-conditioned luxury motor coach. From this high vantage point we can spot animals of Kruger National Park. Continue the game spotting adventure as the delegation travels back to the hotel.
Day 7 - Sunday, October 29: Kruger National Park to Cape Town
Following an early breakfast and checkout, the delegation will depart for Johannesburg International Airport. Box lunch will be provided en route. The entire delegation will be transported directly to the Johannesburg Airport, where you we check in with South African Airlines for our flight to Cape Town.
Flight #   Airline Depart/Arrive - What time is it? Date/Time
0363 S. African Airways
Depart: Johannesburg/S. Africa
Arrive: Cape Town/S. Africa
10/29/2006 6:00:00 PM
10/29/2006 8:10:00 PM

Arrive in Cape Town where the guide will meet the delegation and assist with the transfer to the hotel.

Cape Town, the oldest port in southern Africa, is regularly heralded as one of the most beautiful cities on earth. Situated in the far southwestern corner, Cape Town is physically separated from the rest of the continent by a barrier of mountains.

Capetown Hotel:
Southern Sun Cullinan
Cullinan Street
Cape Town Waterfront
Cape Town 8002
Tel:  011-27-21-418-6920
Fax: 011-27-21-418-3559

Mrs. Linda van Doesburgh - Mobile Tel: 011 27 (0) 83 400 2090

Day 8 - Monday, October 30: Cape Town
This morning meet with professionals in the Human Resources Department, Western Cape Education Department.

The Directorate Human Resource Development has the strategically important role of ensuring the transformation of the Western Cape Education Department through organization transformation and people development. This is achieved through:
Developing all staff - knowledge, skills, attitudes and values; Creating a caring work environment in which diversity and participation are valued and staff are motivated and fulfilled in their jobs; Offering continuous professional development for particular needs of the Cape Teaching Institute; and in more general terms through its skills development programs.

The aim is to change the culture in the Western Cape Education Department into one which embraces equity and accountability, values diversity and cares for and supports its employees as its most valuable asset.

In changing the organizational culture focus will be on:
 Employment Equity
 Service Delivery Improvement
 HIV/AIDS in the Workplace
 Human Rights, with special focus on Gender and Disability
 Employee Wellness Programs

Professional program focusing on:

• Education laws and policies in South Africa
• Educational reforms that address the needs of linguistically different students in mainstream classrooms
• Training teachers to prepare them to work with culturally and linguistically diverse students

Lunch is by individual arrangement

This afternoon delegates and guest will have a coach tour of the Cape Peninsula. Your day's travels will lead you to Camps Bay, Hout Bay, the magnificent Chapman’s Peak Drive and the Cape Peninsula National Park, which features Cape Point, the place at which legend claims the Atlantic and Indian oceans merge. You will also visit Simons Town and Boulders Beach that is home to the rare African penguin in its natural surroundings.

Guest program:

This morning guests will visit Table Mountain, a proclaimed World Heritage Site and famous landmark of Cape Town. Ascend the mountain by the revolving aerial cable car for stunning views of the entire Cape Peninsula (known as "The Fairest Cape"), the Atlantic and Indian Oceans, and Cape Town and its harbor.

Following the Cape Point tour the entire delegation will participate in a dinner hosted at the home of a local family.
Day 9 - Tuesday, October 31: Cape Town
This morning Professional delegates will visit a local primary school.

Professional program focusing on:

• What is the curriculum in elementary schools?
• Math, science, and technology curriculum K-12
• Post-apartheid educational achievement-racial and ethnic disparities
• Multicultural education-how pervasive is it?

Guest Program:

Discover the beauty and splendor of the great and graceful cape with its seas of vineyards on mountain backdrops, majestic homesteads with their Cape-Dutch gables, and magnificent cellars housing famous wines. You will visit a selection of wine estates for wine tasting and enjoy a variety of wine farms in the area.

A farewell banquet on the final evening in South Africa will give delegates and guests a chance to recap their People to People experiences.
Day 10 - Wednesday, November 1: Cape Town to New York
The delegates will have a last opportunity to explore the Victoria & Alfred Waterfront area this morning.
The local guide will instruct the delegation as to when and where to meet for the transfer to Cape Town International Airport, for the connecting flight to Johannesburg, via South African Airlines this afternoon.

From Johannesburg, the delegation will depart this evening for New York on South African Airways.
Arrival in New York is scheduled for 7:30 a.m.

Flight #   Airline Depart/Arrive - What time is it? Date/Time
346 S. African Airways
Depart: Capetown
Arrive: Johannesburg/S. Africa
11/01/2006 3:10:00 PM
11/01/2006 5:10:00 PM
0203 S. African Airways
Depart: lJohannesburg/S. Africa
Arrive: New York/Kennedy
11/01/2006 7:05:00 PM
11/01/2006 7:30:00 AM

Note: At this point Lisa Berman, Lovie Lilly, Renee Stewart O'Neal, Mildred Rice Jordan, Eunice Vaughan and Bill Howe will go on to Victoria Falls. The rest of the delegation will travel back to the U.S.

Day 11 - Thursday, November 2: Arrival in New York -

 Optional Extension to Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe 

 “Discovered” by western explorers nearly 100 years ago, Victoria Falls is one of the most spectacular, natural wonders of the world. Known by the locals as Mosi oa Tunya, or Smoke That Thunders, Victoria Falls is the place where the Zambezi River falls 100 meters (300 feet) at the rate of 17.6 million cubic feet per minute.

 A World Heritage Site and one of the seven Natural Wonders of the World, this is the largest curtain of falling water on the planet...

Flight #   Airline Depart/Arrive - What time is it? Date/Time
0304 S. African Airways
Depart: Cape Town/S. Africa
Arrive: Johannesburg/S. Africa
11/01/2006 6:20:00 AM
11/01/2006 8:20:00 AM
6285 British Airways
Depart: Johannesburg/S. Africa
Arrive: Victoria Falls
11/01/2006 11:25:00 AM
11/01/2006 01:00:00 PM


Day 10 - Wednesday, November 1 – Journey to Zimbabwe
Fly from Cape Town to Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe, via Johannesburg. You’ll arrive in the afternoon, be met by your local guides, and check in at the hotel.

Victoria Falls Hotel:
Victoria Falls Safari Lodge
Victoria Falls
Tel:  011-09-263-13-3211
Fax: 011-09-263-13-3205
Day 11 - Thursday, November 2-  Experience the Habitat and Culture of Victoria Falls

Zimbabwe is known for intricate beadwork and woodcarvings. A visit to the Traditional African Craft Village, where such items are produced, is an opportunity to see artists at work and admire their creations.

The surrounding rainforest abounds with subtropical birds, butterflies and foliage. Discover the diversity as you walk along winding pathways. You’ll soon experience up close why Victoria Falls is called Smoke That Thunders.”

After lunch and a rest, enjoy a cruise on the calm waters of the Upper Zambezi River. Soak in the sights and sounds of the river ecosystem as you visit over refreshments.

The cruise is a relaxing way to observe wildlife in their natural setting and witness a spectacular African sunset.

Day 12 - Friday, November 3 - Depart for the United States
A free morning allows time to pack, shop and absorb a final taste of African culture. Your afternoon flight to Johannesburg connects with your evening flight to New York.
Flight #   Airline Depart/Arrive - What time is it? Date/Time
6282 British Airways
Depart: Victoria Falls
Arrive: Johannesburg/S. Africa
11/03/2006 1:50:00 PM
11/03/2006 3:50:00 PM
Flight #   Airline Depart/Arrive - What time is it? Date/Time
0203 S. African Airways
Depart: Johannesburg/S. Africa
Arrive: Dakar/Senegal
11/3/2006 7:55:00 PM
11/4/2006 2:30:00 AM
0203 S. African Airways
Depart: Dakar/Senegal
Arrive: New York/Kennedy
11/4/2006 3:30:00 AM
11/4/2006 7:30:00 AM
Day 13 - Saturday, November 4 - Return New York at 7:30 am.

- What time is it?




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